How F1 teams will attack the Austrian GP season opener

More than three months after the first race of the season was due to take place, F1 teams will descend on the Red Bull Ring this weekend for an Austrian double-header that will kick start the campaign.

How F1 teams will attack the Austrian GP season opener
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The first race, first scheduled as the 11th round of the championship, occupies its same original date on the calendar so will throw up its usual challenges.

So allied to the normal hot weather and potential for storms, the dominating characteristic that will be on the team's minds is that the Red Bull Ring sits 660m above sea-level and puts them on the back foot as they do their best to reach the best cooling and aerodynamic compromise.

But added to the mix this year of the Austria challenge is the fact that teams are all bringing updates that were planned for races that should have taken place. So it will be a step into the unknown.

As James Allison, Mercedes technical director recently explained, there is months of development work that can now be rolled into one major upgrade.

"A lot of time has passed since we launched this car and if you imagine the car that would have gone to Australia, that was frozen around about Christmas.," he said.

"So, there was the whole of January, February, March - all making the car quicker in the wind tunnel and design departments. So we've got quite a lot of ideas about how to make it quicker.

"And quite a lot of those ideas were already in progress before we were forced to shut down nine weeks ago. So, our challenge now is to make sure that quarter of a year's worth of development can get off the drawing boards and onto the car as swiftly as possible and we hope to have a chunk of that for the first race in Austria."

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Meanwhile, Ferrari are expected to have some new parts to rectify issues discovered during the pre-season test and a second generation of its power unit that should improve power output and reliability.

But, it has already admitted that visually the SF1000 will look similar to the one that was ready to compete in Australia.

Over at Red Bull it ran some upgrades at last week's filming day, which all point to a decent aerodynamic step that will be added to the car for some evaluation on the Friday.

That will be particularly important to the team on its 'home' turf, because it's always had a car that performs well around the circuit to it will be hoping to seize the opportunity to start the campaign on top.

Red Bull Racing technical detail

Red Bull Racing technical detail

Photo by: Giorgio Piola

Red Bull has previously been well adept at mastering the aero compromises that come from opening the cooling in Austria.

Continuing to use a saddle-style cooler arrangement above the power unit, as can be seen above, the team might even consider using the cooling outlet in the engine cover's spine in Austria.

Red Bull Racing RB 15, cooling Max Verstappen
Mercedes W08 shark fin exhaust, captioned

The solution was first seen in Hungary last season and, whilst not raced, it has had other outings since too. It's also a very similar solution to the one first seen and raced by Mercedes back in 2017.

Renault has joined the list of teams confirming that it will be bring a raft of new parts to the race too, as team principal Cyril Abiteboul explained last week.

"It's been a huge effort from internal production to get the package from races three, five and six - the initial numbering obviously - from Vietnam, the Netherlands and Barcelona that will be on our car in Austria," he said.

"Those races have obviously not happened, but the performance that was supposed to come will be in Spielberg."

The development battle becomes more protracted the further you venture down the pack though, with Andy Green admitting that much of Racing Point's efforts will shift to 2021 and in dealing with the consequences of the regulation changes made to the floor.

"It became quite clear that our focus has to turn quite quickly onto 2021 because of that. There isn't going to be a significant amount of aerodynamic carry over from '20 to '21."

Mercedes AMG F1 W10, barge board

Mercedes AMG F1 W10, barge board

Photo by: Giorgio Piola

The team has already suggested that it is unlikely to develop the RP20 extensively throughout 2020, although it's likely it will introduce an update package in Austria that was originally assigned for Australia.

The update sees changes to the bargeboards, sidepod deflectors and associated aerodynamic furniture in furtherance of its Mercedes mimicry, as the Silver Arrows introduced a similar package at the Japanese Grand Prix last season.

Meanwhile, at Haas it will wait on the announcement of the full calendar before planning its development programme, according to Gunther Steiner.

"We are not planning any upgrades until we know exactly what we are doing this year budget wise, and what we are doing race wise," he said.

Coping with cooling

Here we look at how teams have reacted to the headache of managing the cooling in Austria in the past, with the high altitude meaning that engines need more air.

Mercedes AMG F1 W10, rear
Mercedes AMG F1 W10, rear
1/11
Mercedes W10 rear end with a slightly larger rear cooling outlet.

Photo by: Giorgio Piola

Mercedes F1 AMG W10, cooling
Mercedes F1 AMG W10, cooling
2/11
The larger of the louvred cockpit panels used by Mercedes featured on the W10 in Austria

Photo by: Giorgio Piola

Red Bull Racing RB15, rear
Red Bull Racing RB15, rear
3/11
The larger rear cooling outlet on the Red Bull RB16 at the Austrian GP in 2019.

Photo by: Giorgio Piola

Red Bull Racing RB15, side
Red Bull Racing RB15, side
4/11
The interchangeable panels alongside the cockpit and halo on the RB16 allow for different cooling parameters. In this case the team chose to have an opening where the bodywork blends out of the halo structure and a row of louvres to enable heat to escape.

Photo by: Giorgio Piola

Ferrari SF90, rear
Ferrari SF90, rear
5/11
Ferrari using a larger cooling outlet at the rear of the SF90 in Austria relative to some of the lower altitude circuits.

Photo by: Giorgio Piola

Ferrari SF90, cooling
Ferrari SF90, cooling
6/11
Ferrari had a double cooling arrangement alongside the cockpit, one outlet formed by the transition of the halo and a three louvre panel.

Photo by: Giorgio Piola

Haas F1 Team VF-19, cooling
Haas F1 Team VF-19, cooling
7/11
Haas looked to evacuate airflow and heat from the upper surface of the sidepod with a louvred panel and a transition outlet.

Photo by: Giorgio Piola

Alfa Romeo Racing C38, rear
Alfa Romeo Racing C38, rear
8/11
A suitably large rear cooling outlet was used at the rear of the Alfa Romeo C38.

Photo by: Giorgio Piola

Racing Point RP19, rear
Racing Point RP19, rear
9/11
Racing Point used a particularly large rear cooling outlet in Austria last season.

Photo by: Giorgio Piola

Renault R.S. 19, rear
 Renault R.S. 19, rear
10/11
The Renault R19 had possibly one of the largest rear outlets on display in Austria in order to reject the heat created by the Renault power unit.

Photo by: Giorgio Piola

Williams Racing FW42, rear
Williams Racing FW42, rear
11/11
Meanwhile, Williams gave them a run for their money in the largest outlet stakes with a large rear cooling outlet of their own.

Photo by: Giorgio Piola

 

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