In 1947, Jackie Robinson broke Major League Baseball's color barrier when he became the first African-American player to sign a Major League contract. In the 1960s, Malcolm Durham became drag racing's first black superstar. Raised on a ...
In 1947, Jackie Robinson broke Major League Baseball's color barrier when he became the first African-American player to sign a Major League contract. In the 1960s, Malcolm Durham became drag racing's first black superstar. Raised on a family farm in Goldsboro, N.C., Durham gained his initial mechanical experience working on tractors. He began racing in 1957 at Easy Street Dragstrip in Newton Grove with a 225-horsepower '56 Chevy. After moving to Washington, D.C., Durham took automotive courses at a technical trade school and campaigned the '56 Chevy at Aquasco Speedway with great success. In 1962, while working as a mechanic for Hicks Chevrolet, he began campaigning a 409-cid '62 Chevy with Z-11 heads, winning nearly 90 percent of the races he entered. After moving from the repair department to car sales, Durham was able to devote more time to racing. He campaigned the first 427-cid Z-11 '63 Chevy available in Washington, D.C., under the name Strip Blazer I and improved from his 409 best of 12.26 to 12.01 his first time out at 75-80 Drag-A-Way. Later that year, he defeated both Dave Strickler's A/S Chevy and Bill Jenkins' A/FX entry, and before long, Durham was regularly booked at match races on the East Coast, campaigning against Don Nicholson, Sox & Martin, the Ramchargers, Hayden Proffitt, Strickler, and Jenkins. Chevrolet dropped out of racing at the end of 1963, prompting Durham to drop the '63 Chevy Z-11 engine into a midsize '64 Chevelle, which he called Strip Blazer II. Ronnie Sox and Buddy Martin won the A/Factory Experimental title at the 1964 Winternationals, but Durham's Chevelle beat them on consecutive evenings at 75-80 and Cecil County, then defeated them three more times at a New York match race. Durham kept pace with the Funny Car revolution of 1965, updating the Chevelle with 1965 sheet metal and adding injectors and nitromethane; those changes netted bests of 9.56 and 150 mph. In 1966, Durham switched to a tube-frame Camaro, which took him to a win at the UDRA Nationals at U.S. 30. After he extended the wheelbase another 10 inches, he dropped into the eight-second zone. The addition of a supercharger in 1967 made Durham as quick and fast as 7.98, 178, and Durham spent the off-season completing a new Logghe-chassised Camaro that proved to be one of his best rides. He clocked 7.5-second elapsed times on a regular basis in 1968 and broke the 200-mph barrier in 1969. Durham also competed in Pro Stock with a '73 Vega that clocked a 9.17 best. He later converted the car to B/EA, then quit racing for a while so that he could send his eldest son, Bernard, to college. Durham returned to racing with a 1984 Pro Stock Camaro, but after he crashed the car in Rockingham in 1985, he retired. Durham made a brief comeback in 1989 with a nostalgia version of his '65 Chevelle, and Bernard began campaigning in Super Gas with his father's former Pro Stock Vega. Durham has two other sons, Raynard and Byron, who builds racing engines for a living. Though Durham keeps busy with his nostalgia programs and his sons' racing efforts, he still has dreams of returning to professional racing. NHRA's Top 50 Drivers will be unveiled on NHRA.com and through the pages of National Dragster, in reverse order throughout the 2001 season, with a schedule leading up to the naming of the top driver at the Automobile Club of Southern California NHRA Finals at Pomona Raceway on Nov. 11. As NHRA celebrates its 50th anniversary in 2001, it has emerged as one of the most popular spectator sports, highlighted by a $50 million, 24-event, nationally televised tour. The NHRA has developed into the world's largest motorsports sanctioning body, with more than 80,000 members nationwide, and more than 140 member tracks.
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